Blog Page 222

Volcanoes are cooling Earth: Aerosols from small eruptions have reduced global temperatures and tropical rainfall

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:Volcanoes may have cooled the Earth by 0.05°C to 0.12°C since 2000
:Scientists had overlooked the role of aerosols from small eruptions
:The aerosols accumulate between the stratosphere and troposphere
:This layer of the atmosphere is difficult to study as clouds obscure it
:Eruptions through 1990s and 2000s have contributed to warming ‘pause’
:Global temperatures plateaued since 1998 after rapid warming in 1990s
:The findings mean models predicting climate change need to be revised

 

Small volcanic eruptions over the past 20 years have been protecting the Earth from global warming, according to a new study.
Scientists have confirmed that droplets of sulphur-rich aerosols spewed into the upper atmosphere by volcanoes have been reflecting sunlight away from the Earth.
Until recently it was thought that only particularly large eruptions had any noticeable affect on the climate.

Eruptions of volcanoes like Tavurvur in Papa New Guinea in 2006 had a greater impact on the climate in the past 15 years than had previously been appreciated and may require climate models to be revised

However, the new study has confirmed results from the end of last year that showed these small eruptions can have an accumulative impact on global temperature.
This could have helped decrease the global temperatures by between 0.05°C to 0.12°C over the past 15 years.

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Amal Clooney’s Facial Expressions at the Golden Globes Represent How We Feel About the Start of Awards Season

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When the Golden Globes red carpet started, the 2015 awards season officially started.
It has begun.
That means from now until the end of the Academy Awards, it’s going to be a lot of late nights watching very rich and beautiful actors congratulate each other, fawn over each other and generally celebrate their awesome lives. And after about three award shows, we’re kind of over it. Unless someone like Benedict Cumberbatch or Jennifer Lawrence spices things up, these things are basically all the same. So the realization that it’s all starting this week is a little disheartening.Which is why we’re thankful that gorgeous attorney Amal Clooney, who recently married some actor, was at the Golden Globes to represent the people who are already tired of red carpet season. She was clearly bored at her husband’s (I think we heard his name was George Clooney?) cute little office party, and we will be right there with her, emotionally, more than once in the coming months.
On the outside, we’re trying to smile politely as we work through covering every single award show, but on the inside, we want to run around screaming and punching out computer screens.
Just look at her face. You know this girl cannot wait to get back home, throw on some sweatpants and watch reruns of Top Chef:

 

When she does crack a smile, it’s probably to smother an instinct to roll her eyes. That’s basically the only reason we smile as we watch another handsome actor walk up on stage and talk about his craft

Thank you, Amal. You are the queen of being over rooms full of shiny Hollywood folk. We salute you.

Witnesses Horrors Of Ebola In Sierra Leone

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Alex Crawford witnesses first-hand the desolation and despair caused by Ebola in the remotest parts of Sierra Leone.

 

 

 

 

A man is left lying on a hospital floor for five days, unfed and unaided.

He went to the district hospital in Kono hoping for help, only to be abandoned in an empty ward by the small number of nursing staff.

They feared he had Ebola.

When our team arrived the man was dead.

No-one had even found out his name.

Our journalists were about to discover that his story was not an isolated one in remote parts of the worst-affected country.

In Kono, the outbreak raged unchecked for weeks.

The hospital has 185 beds.

It was clear the sick do not like coming to the hospital. They are terrified of catching the virus.

 

 

The cleaner – who told  she gained experience during Sierra Leone’s civil war – decided to use the remaining two bottles of medicine in their stocks to kick-start the labour.

But shortly after the injections, Aminata had a fit and fell unconscious.

Her mother-in-law was distraught. She hadn’t wanted to come to the hospital at all.

Nearly three hours later, a nursing assistant arrived, but her gloves were poor quality and tore as she put them on.

She knew that two colleagues in the same maternity unit died last week. Again, our reporters offered their spares.

Finally the teenager woke in agony. Brutal pressure was being applied to her womb.

The heat that was exacerbated by the protective clothing proved too much for the hospital cleaner, who collapsed.

But amidst the fainting and fear, the cry of the newborn baby boy lifted everyone.

He was named Emmanual, and those who witnessed his birth were delighted.

But the feeling was tinged by fear, because Emmanual had become the latest Ebola suspect, and if he carried the virus, he could end up killing scores of others.

Help for Kono district is arriving. The British military’s part of the task force are delivering urgently needed medical supplies that would normally perish during the eight-hour bumpy ride to the eastern border.

 

 

But for many communities in this remote part of the country, the help has come too late. Until this week, Kono had no Ebola treatment centre or testing facility.

Our team met a woman called Bansaraty. She told them she was feverish and weak but did not want to go to hospital.

She was fearful of the men in white suits, who had to spend a lot of time reassuring her they had come to help.

Her neighbours believed she had Ebola and wanted her out.

Finally, she was persuaded to leave.

She had to travel dozens of miles to nearby Kanema district to get tested for Ebola. It came back negative but days after coming home to Kono, she fell ill again.

They feel very far away from the capital Freetown where government resources have been directed and where charities and aid agencies are operating in their dozens.

One woman told us: “We are crying out to the government, so we can have more pressure that Ebola should be eradicated from our nation.”

The Ebola recovery team left Bansaraty’s house unsecured and exposed, much to the disgust of the villagers.

Kono has been free of Ebola since September: now they feel as vulnerable as ever.